## How Many IF Functions Can Be Nested in One ShapeSheet Formula?

Started by Jumpy, June 29, 2010, 11:26:10 AM

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#### Jumpy

Hello,

does anyone know, how many "If" in one formula are allowed?

For example in Excel you can use at max only 7 "If", if I remember correctly.

I'm buliding a mega conditional formula (at the moment only on paper, but I want to implement it in someday Visio, too) and if there are limits to the number of "Ifs" I'll have to think about a workarround early.

Jumpy

#### Trex2001

#1

Couldn't find anything else on limitations, though.

First post

#### wapperdude

#2
Hmmmm.  Don't think I've gone as far as 7...

If there is a limit, you might try breaking it down into smaller pieces, and then chaining the smaller pieces together.  Might work.

Wapperdude

Did a quick test.  Here's a cascade of 10 "IF's".  Either open shape sheet and change "User.myVal" or open the shape data and enter a value there.  Forgot to implement the double click.

Visio 2019 Pro

#### Jumpy

#3
Thanks wapperdude,

looks promising, that my formula could work someday.

@Trex: Thanks, too. And to answer the question in the linked post. I read somewhere, that Visio accepts 64 KByte Data in one cell. That could be used for a rather long formula. My guess is that the probability for an User error (. instead of ! for example, or a missing bracket) increases exponential with the length of the formula and therefore the problems with long formulas.

Good night,
Jumpy

#### Visio Guy

#4
I just got 50 nested IFs to work.

Here's the formula, for the masochists out there:

User.StateName = IF(Prop.StateNumber=1,"Delaware",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=2,"Pennsylvania",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=3,"New Jersey",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=4,"Georgia",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=5,"Connecticut",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=6,"Massachusetts",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=7,"Maryland",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=8,"South Carolina",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=9,"New Hampshire",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=10,"Virginia",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=11,"New York",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=12,"North Carolina",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=13,"Rhode Island",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=14,"Vermont",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=15,"Kentucky",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=16,"Tennessee",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=17,"Ohio",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=18,"Louisiana",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=19,"Indiana",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=20,"Mississippi",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=21,"Illinois",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=22,"Alabama",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=23,"Maine",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=24,"Missouri",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=25,"Arkansas",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=26,"Michigan",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=27,"Florida",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=28,"Texas",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=29,"Iowa",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=30,"Wisconsin",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=31,"California",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=32,"Minnesota",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=33,"Oregon",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=34,"Kansas",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=35,"West Virginia",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=39,"North Dakota",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=40,"South Dakota",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=41,"Montana",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=42,"Washington",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=43,"Idaho",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=44,"Wyoming",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=45,"Utah",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=46,"Oklahoma",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=47,"New Mexico",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=48,"Arizona",
IF(Prop.StateNumber=50,"Hawaii",FALSE)
)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))

Of course I used VBA to generate- and stuff the formula. I'll probably publish the file as an article, as soon as I get a chance.
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#### Jumpy

Ok 50 may just be enough for me

Thanks, Chris.

By the way: Word counted the characters in your formula for me and says arround 1276.

Jumpy

#### Jumpy

An afterthought to your planed article:

Why don't you write it about known limits in Visio. There may be interesting items, for example:
- Number of Prop. Rows (either: that are generally possible or: that can be displayed in Dialog or ShapeData Window)
- Number of User. Rows
- Number of Geometry Sections
- Maximum lenght of a formula
- ...

Jumpy

#### Visio Guy

I had thought that a cell's formula-length was either "limited only by the virtual storage on your PC" or 64000KB, but I don't know for sure.

Recently, I had problems stuffing a very long formula into a cell. My solution was to renamed a referenced cell from "Prop.SomeBigOldName" to "Prop.S".

Since that Prop cell was referenced many, many times, changing the name really reduced the length of the formula.

Perhaps a useful hack if folks run into formula-length problems.
For articles, tips and free content, see the Visio Guy Website at http://www.visguy.com
Get my Visio Book! Using Microsoft Visio 2010

#### Visio Guy

For articles, tips and free content, see the Visio Guy Website at http://www.visguy.com
Get my Visio Book! Using Microsoft Visio 2010